Home Office Deductions may Benefit Business Owners

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Home Office Deductions may Benefit Business Owners

Taxpayers who use their home for business may be eligible to claim a home office deduction. It allows qualifying taxpayers to deduct certain home expenses on their tax return. This can reduce the amount of the taxpayer’s taxable income.

Understanding the Home Office Deduction and Whether they can Claim it:

  • The home office deduction is available to both homeowners and renters.
  • There are certain expenses taxpayers can deduct.
    • Mortgage interest
    • Insurance
    • Utilities
    • Repairs
    • Maintenance
    • Depreciation and Rent
  • Taxpayers must meet specific requirements to claim home expenses as a deduction. In the same vein, the deductible amount of these types of expenses may be limited.
  • The term “home” for purposes of this deduction includes the following:
    • House
    • Apartment
    • Condominium
    • Mobile home
    • Boat or similar property.
    • Structures on the property.
      1. Unattached garage
      2. Studio
      3. Barn
      4. Greenhouse.
    • Doesn’t include any part of the taxpayer’s property used exclusively as a hotel, motel, inn or similar business.

Two Basic Requirements for the Taxpayer’s Home to Qualify as a Deduction:

  • Exclusive use of a portion of the home for conducting business on a regular basis. For example, a taxpayer who uses an extra room to run their business can take a home office deduction only for that extra room so long as it is used both regularly and exclusively in the business.
  • The home must be the taxpayer’s principal place of business. Certainly a taxpayer can also meet this requirement if administrative or management activities are conducted at the home and there is no other location to perform these duties. Therefore, someone who conducts business outside of their home, but also uses their home to conduct business, may still qualify for a home office deduction.

  • Expenses that relate to a separate structure not attached to the home will qualify for a home office deduction. However, It will qualify only if the structure is used exclusively and regularly for business.
  • Taxpayers who qualify may choose one of two methods to calculate their home office expense deduction: 
    • The simplified option has a rate of $5 a square foot for business use of the home. The maximum size for this option is 300 square feet. The maximum deduction under this method is $1,500.
    • When using the regular method, deductions for a home office are based on the percentage of the home devoted to business use. Taxpayers who use a whole room or part of a room for conducting their business need to figure out the percentage of the home used for business activities to deduct indirect expenses.Direct expenses are deducted in full.

Feel free to contact one of our tax professionals for more information on the home office deductions.